Tag Archives: paul bradshaw

Livro “Scraping for Journalists”: como recolher e analisar dados

Se me tivessem dito há uns anos atrás que para ser um jornalista moderno teria que saber trabalhar com o Excel e bases de dados provavelmente teria escolhido outra área.

Saber trabalhar com dados é uma das características mais importantes dos jornalistas digitais, pensem só na quantidade de informação estatística que está aí ao nosso dispor, em quantidades tão avassaladoras que é difícil perceber onde está a história e que outras histórias se podem encontrar.

Para nos ajudar a encontrar estas agulhas no palheiro da informação digital Paul Bradshaw escreveu um livro muito prático sobre como inquirir fontes (normalmente, bases de dados) e analisar os resultados de forma eficaz.Apesar de estar orientado para uma realidade anglo-saxónica, onde a disponibilização e organização de dados estar muito à frente da portuguesa, é uma excelente forma de entrar nesta área.

Tem alguma componente de programação, por isso não será para todos, é preciso saber mais do que escrever e editar no mundo digital onde vivemos.Podem ver aqui um excerto em PDF.

“Scraping for Journalists introduces you to a range of scraping techniques – from very simple scraping techniques which are no more complicated than a spreadsheet formula, to more complex challenges such as scraping databases or hundreds of documents. At every stage you’ll see results – but you’ll also be building towards more ambitious and powerful tools.

You’ll be scraping within 5 minutes of reading the first chapter – but more importantly you’ll be learning key principles and techniques for dealing with scraping problems.”

Scraping for Journalists

Paul Bradshaw foi o meu professor no Mestrado de Jornalismo Online em Birmingham.

 

 

Os Media em 2011: Previsões

O meu caro amigo Mr.Steed desafiou-me para fazermos um post conjunto com as previsões para os media em 2011. Consultámos algumas pessoas cuja opinião nos pareceu ser pertinente, tanto da nossa praça como além fronteiras, sobre o que poderão ser as tendências para o negócio dos media num futuro próximo.

É claro que há riscos neste tipo de coisas. Existe uma frase feita que diz que a mudança está a ocorrer mais depressa do que a nossa adaptação a ela. E quando falo de nós, refiro-me quer a utilizadores, quer a produtores de conteúdos. Atravessamos a maior revolução desde a Revolução Industrial, que assenta não só em avanços tecnológicos mas também em novas relações entre os media e os seus públicos, entre instituições e cidadãos comuns, entre os próprios utilizadores.

Se tiverem dúvidas pensem nisto: o Youtube tem 5 anos; o Google tem 10; o Facebook tem quase 600 milhões de utilizadores, e quantos de vocês estão lá há mais de 2 anos? E que consequências traz algo como o Wikileaks? E quantas vezes a Internet e as redes sociais são referidas nos noticiários, nos jornais, e quantas vezes as primeiras informações surgem através de cidadãos anónimos (cada vez mais um paradoxo), com vídeos filmados com telemóveis, fotografias imediatamente colocadas na rede, ou tweets durante os acontecimentos?

A esta nova lógica juntam-se dispositivos completamente novos, que exigem uma linguagem e formas de comunicação também completamente novas. A primeira década do século XXI vai ficar na história como a década da Revolução Digital. Por isso, qualquer exercício de adivinhação é uma tarefa complicada.

Neste post vou só destacar algumas das ideias propostas pelos nossos convidados, mas poderão ler tudo na íntegra no blog do Mr.Steed, onde ele faz as suas próprias previsões para o ano que se avizinha.

Uma coisa é certa: são tempos incríveis para se ser jornalista, e poucas gerações se podem gabar de poder ter vivido algo que tenha afectado a maneira de nos relacionarmos com o mundo de forma tão profunda, como ao que estamos a assistir todos os dias.

Algumas redações vão descobrir em 2011 que: 1) existe uma coisa chamada World Wide Web; 2) os computadores servem para mais do que bater texto, editar imagem, ver p0rn/receitas e receber spam; 3) o Internet Explorer dá para fazer mais coisas do que ler blogs e os sites da concorrência. Do número de descobertas dependerá a velocidade da migração dos jornais para as plataformas a que continuamos a chamar novas como se a última década tivesse demorado três meses.

Paulo Querido

I said that things would get ugly in 2010 and have been sadly proved right. I think they’ll get even uglier in 2011 as the reaction against the shift in power grows and the fallout from Wikileaks continues. Expect a lot of rushed-through legislation against the invisible threats of the web which has implications for journalists and publishers.

Paul Bradshaw

Novos títulos irão surgir mas com enfoque em nichos. Títulos especializados. Direccionados a comunidades.

Rodrigo Saraiva

Muitos média com conteúdos medíocres não resistirão a fazer-se pagar por eles, como se fosse possível enganar os utilizadores. Perderão em influência e em publicidade.

António Granado

The new year will also see a refinement of multimedia strategies. So far many multimedia projects have been experimental in some ways, but we can now look back and see what works and what doesn’t and better serve our readers and viewers.

Mark S.Luckie

Jornalistas da comunicação escrita, com maior espírito de sobrevivência, intensificarão a sua aprendizagem nas áreas das técnicas audiovisuais.

Alexandre Pais

Os jornalistas estão a descobrir avidamente o Twitter e o Facebook, são cada vez mais bloggers e produtores de conteúdos nas redes sociais,  e começam até a ser gestores das suas comunidades on-line. Também haverá cada vez mais free-lancers. Provavelmente o Sindicato de Jornalistas não conseguirá acompanhar esta nova realidade. Parece-me pois provável que um dia destes surja uma associação profissional que congregue os novos interesses e desafios da profissão.

Alda Telles

As empresas de media portuguesas ainda não têm um modelo de negócio para estes novos tempos.

Manuel Falcão

E que previsões têm vocês para o ano que se avizinha? O que é que esperam dos media em 2011?

The blog, the MA and the future

This blog has been neglected. There, i said it. Call the Blog Protection Services and i might lose custody. The problem is that i have a reason for that. Several, in fact, but these are the ones that matter, and most of them sound so lame i won’t even bother to list them, like “time” or “i needed a break” or a “fresh perspective”.

As you may know, i’ve been doing the MA in Online Journalism at Birmingham City University, under the guidance of Paul Bradshaw, for the last nine months. Best thing i ever done in my life: not only i got to learn with one of the best minds in online journalism, but i also had a great time living in a foreign country, a first for me. It wasn’t a life changing experience or anything like that, but it ‘s damn close. Now that i’m back in Portugal i’m slowly recognizing the effects it had on me, and i’m in what i call a “hangover period”. You know, you wake up a bit disoriented, and wonder about what you’ve done the night before? No regrets in my case though.

But since i was busy as hell, i put the blog aside for too long. I have a list of posts i want to write, and i’m starting to work on them this week. I have stuff waiting to be posted since last year, but now i know how to do it better. So pay attention to the forthcoming posts, i’m back.

Meanwhile, i was doing this MA like i said. I still have one project to do during the Summer, and i’ll talk about it here soon, but you can take a look at what i’ve done in the last six months in this blog post Paul wrote about the assignments and experiments me and my colleagues did.A timeline, the spontaneous online coverage of the Madeira floods, a multimedia project, those were some of my relevant efforts.

I’m proud of mine – though i think i could have done so much better –  but my colleagues were great. Read the whole series of posts so you can have an idea of what we were doing. We got in touch with amazing people, and though sometimes the brits seem hard to reach, i met some of the nicest people ever related to journalism. Maybe i was lucky, maybe they were just polite, but what a difference! The small country blues hit me hard sometimes, but then i also realized that in Portugal we are not behind anyone, we have incredible people working in journalism and new media, the problem is that we don’t have many chances to grow. Well, we do, but no entrepreneurial attitude (i had a class on that), fortunately some people don’t think that way. But that’s for another post.

Anyway, i’m on a break now, doing this course in Porto, and then i’ll be working on my Summer project for the MA. And afterwards i may have a job that allows me to do lots of stuff on the side, and push the boundaries of journalism a little further. I have lots of ideas, so all i have to do is work on them, no matter if i stay here or change countries again.

The future is now, and there’s no better place than that.

PS: by the way, the reason why i’m writing english only posts is that writing both in portuguese and english is time-consuming and i’m a bit late, but i’ll try to go back to dual language soon.

#Jeecamp unconference

Today i’m at #JEECamp, the unconference about journalism organized by Paul Bradshaw. So far we had Simon Waldman, from the Guardian Media Group, and four breakout discussion groups that debated from business models to newsgathering and production. To have a better idea of what is going on here at The Bond, just follow the #jeecamp tag on Twitter or go to OJB for liveblogging or at JEECamp Tumblr. Soon i’ll share with you more links covering the event.

Breadth Portfolio: Part 2 – Flash Package

The second part of my Breadth Portfolio series, in this one i briefly explain how the Moseley Road Baths Flash package was made.

Flash

Moseley Road Baths

I’ve wanted to use Flash to create a multimedia package or to aggregate different types of content in one same product. Recycling the contents I had produced previously for HashBrum, I made a serious attempt to build one: “Moseley Road Baths- Pool of Affection[i].

I’ll avoid commenting on the content of the piece, because all the questions are related to the construction process. First of all, Flash is an almost exclusive of Adobe, and its complexity make it hard to use, but in the right hands it can deliver amazing works. This is not the case, and there are many reasons for it.

First of all, Flash evolved into Actionscript 3.0 which is much harder to use than the previous 2.0 version that I was familiarized with. This wouldn’t be a problem if I didn’t have planned to use features that will only work with the 3.0 version, like mapping components. So I had to give up on my initial plan of incorporating a map into the piece, if I was to do it in AS2, although I searched intensively Google for solutions. But choosing which script language is used to build a work with Flash it’s just the beginning. We have to decide what contents are going to be featured, which technical specificities they demand, how are we supposed to navigate through them and which aesthetic options we will take. The most interesting part is that it is truly an interdisciplinary experience: I used video, and had to go through the options to embed it, and pick the best format (FLV) and size to convert it to; I had to create a look for the project, and I used image editors to edit pictures and small graphic elements; besides, flash is based in animation principles, so some notions on the subject will help.

Non-linearity is an important factor to this kind of work, and since I had divided the main video to small, independent bits it wasn’t hard to do. When I first started shooting this story, I had the notion I would use it for something like this, so I wasn’t that worried about creating a narrative chain throughout the filming, but just keeping it visually coherent, which under personal limitations is not that difficult.

Flash projects are also all about functionality (the way buttons are placed) and details (the way buttons move). To improve these two factors you must have a deeper knowledge of Flash (beyond button level), which is hard to acquire on your own. Though the web is filled with video tutorials and great websites on the matter, Flash is mostly about a logical process that it is hard to grasp on your own. But I fear the approach I took using AS2 is rendered obsolete, since AS3 is more powerful, albeit more difficult to use. This raises questions about how specialized a journalist’s skills can be, since it takes time to learn these new procedures, and which alternatives are there to Flash packages.


[i] Online http://tinyurl.com/ydufyp6